Indian Cuisine Overview

A perfect blend of herbs and spices, with a varied range of grains, vegetables, and meats, sets Indian cuisine a precedent for the foodies from the remote reaches of the world.

As it’s said the cultural diversity of India changes with every 100-mile geographical shift, same is the case with cuisines that induce its influence from every wide gap in climate, people, and their combined effect on the way of treating locally found sources of nutrition.

With a broad history that carries its printed proof since the 16th century of the Mughals arrival and then fusion with overseas trade through the 21st century, narrates the nobility of architecting Indian cuisine to its optimum current state.

If we overlook the damage it bore from the extensive immigration, colonial periods, and Islamic ruler invasions, the Indian subcontinent has gained a vast influence in its cuisine configuration, that makes it tempting and fanciful for the food lovers, worldwide.

As the world witnessed a massive flow of globalization throughout distinct human cravings, Indian cuisine, too, got paint in its widespread force, exchanging cuisine pertinent information with rest of the world, to grease the pathway toward a trend of international cuisines’ food joints.

Every part of a nation has its own set of methods for cooking foods. Wrapping the worldwide available cuisine style in one landmass, India serves a variety of dishes that are too local in either Australia or Brazil or the US, making its cuisine versatile in every possible way.

Misconceptions busted about Indian Food

It’s a common misbelief rooted in the mindset of foreigners that make them dislike Indian food for any reason. But, as a traveler and food enthusiast, you need to bust the myths, to enjoy the finger-licking food experience offered by this land of a billion people.

Indian Food is too hot to consume

Most people prefer another cuisine over Indian because they inherit the widely spread misconception that it’s intolerable to bear the heat of Indian food.

Indian food culture
hot chili peppers – You can give it up…

But, in reality, the level of chilly choice is totally up to the customer, and one can adjust the taste preorder. Indians use spices like cinnamon, cardamom, and turmeric to keep food-borne bacteria at bay from order and nutrients spoilage.

Indian Food breaks your dieting routine

Not true at all and makes little sense when we’re dealing with a landmass covering a total geographical area of 1,269,299 sq miles. Whereas some food carries rich, luscious, and anti-dieting ingredients, some are extremely light and rich in fiber and protein.

In fact, thanks to the fusion of spices, Indian food can be a fabulous choice for dieters, for its flavorsome taste.

Indian food makes you ‘Gassy’

The cause of gas differs from person to person. For some, it could be trying a huge variety of distinct foods, while for others it could be dairy products or cruciferous vegetables.

In Indian foods, lentils and chickpeas are mostly blamed for the formation of gas, but it’s totally up to a body how it reacts and adjusts. The matter of the fact is “not all Indian food imparts gas.”

Indians restaurants don’t serve beef

Beef and pork are forbidden for Hindus and Muslims, respectively. In India, the cow is considered a sacred animal, and it is haram to eat pork by Muslims, as stated in their Quran.

Indian cuisine
Cows in India

If you try restaurants overseas, like in Australia, Indian cuisines readily serve beef. On a side note, McDonald’s has a customized menu for Indian customers, as they try to keep beef out of Indian sight.

Top spices widely used in Indian dishes

What makes Indian food so special in taste is a unique blend of spices. It’s hard to cook the way they do in Indian cuisines, but if you know the key spices they use, you can accomplish the same tantalizing aromas, vibrant colors; and spicy, sweet, and tangy flavors that the Indian foods are mostly known for.

The key to generating exact features, as served in restaurants and Indian homes, is to utilize the mix of spices in an appropriate proportion. To bring out the right flavor, bloom them in oil, butter, or ghee. These spices act not only as a cooking ingredient but also supplements your health benefit. Check out the top spices:


For any sort of curry creation, in India, cumin is extensively used as a strong, aromatic spice. It’s available as either seeds or toasted. Because of its sharp taste and flavor, it’s sometimes characterized as warm, earthy, and bitter.

Indian cuisine Cumin
The most basic spicy in the Indian cuisine


It’s described by many people as nutty and fruity. Coriander features in Indian cuisine as a spice and garnishing material. Coriander is the key component in Garam masala, which is the key ingredient to spice up the taste of any dish and soothe an upset stomach.

Indian cuisine Coriander
Coriander, rather you like it or hate it


With its homeland in India, ginger is now found in Fiji, Australia, Jamaica, and Indonesia. Gingers are known for generating a delicious and peppery flavor in recipes. The spicy and zesty taste of ginger accounts for its use in stir-fries, baked goods, vegetables, and beverages.

Indian food spices
Ginger, a great refreshing taste addition for any dish 

Mustard Seeds

It can be found in many colors, such as black, brown, and yellow. Mustard seeds get the right flavor when they’re crushed, or cooked in oil. Mustard oil is produced from mustard seeds and is commonly found and used in India. The smoky and nutty flavor of mustard seeds enhance the taste of curries.

Indian cuisine Mustard seeds
Mustard seeds


Whereas in one hand there is a vast health benefit associated with the application of turmeric, it imparts a yellowish color and flavor as its feature to a mix of spices and curries on the other hand. It’s a close relative of ginger and is widely known for its anti-inflammatory properties.

Indian food Turmeric
Turmeric, adding color and rich taste any Indian dish

Garam masala

A blend of spices—like coriander, cumin, cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, cardamom, and nutmeg—constitute the garam masala. Acting as a staple for Indian cuisine, garam masala serves the same purpose as de Provence in French cuisine. It’s sensitive to heat and, therefore, is sprinkled at the last moment when the recipe gets almost done.

Indian cuisine Garam Masala
One of the most iconic Indian spices

Black Pepper

Black pepper is primarily native to India. As there need many natural cycles and a fixed amount of rainfall for its production, it takes intense labor work to grow. For the ultimate release of its taste, black pepper needs toasting before blending. It can also be used as the salad dressing, with salt.

South Indian cuisine black pepper
Black Pepper, sharpen the tastes

Nutmeg and mace

Once the outer covering of nutmeg gets cracked off, mace becomes ready for grating. When it turns dry, it gains a golden-orange tint and adds a hint of warm flavor. Like other spices, nutmeg doesn’t require toasting before blending into spices. Doing so would spoil its flavor.

Indian food Nutmeg
Nutmeg spicy

Top delicious Indian dishes, made for satisfying your appetite

Sarso ka Saag and Makki ki Roti

Sarson Ka Saag and Makki ki Roti complete each other and are inseparable for a fused taste and finger-licking appetite achievement. It’s popular almost in all northern states, with Rajasthan and Punjab as the original state where a true sense of its importance is shared traditionally. To profuse the lust of mouth, white butter, jaggery, or honey work as the best accompaniment.

Indian cuisine Sarso ka Saag and Makki ki Roti
Sarso ka Saag and Makki ki Roti

Time: 2 hours | Calorie: 90 per roti and 150 per saag serving

Key Ingredients needed for Saag


  • 750-gram Sarson Saag
  • 250-gram Palak Saag
  • 250-gram Bathua Saag


  • 4 Green chilly
  • 25 gram Ginger
  • 2 Onions
  • 6 cloves Garlic
  • 1/2 tsp Red pepper powder
  • 1/2 tsp Garam masala
  • 1/2 tsp Coriander powder

Other Essentials

  • 100 gram Ghee
  • 1 1/2 cup Makki atta
  • 2 cups water
  • Salt as per taste

Step-by-step cooking guide

  • Mix three saags—bathua, palak, and sarson—with salt and water, and cook them in a pressure cooker at low flame for one and half an hour.
  • Squeeze saag to separate saag water. Mash the water-free saag until coarsely ground. Add makki atta and stir the blend.
  • Remix the filtered saag water, along with a little drinkable water, and start cooking again over a low flame.
  • Add finely chopped green chilies and ginger, and let the heat do its work.
  • Turn off the flame once saag gets a thick texture.
  • On the second burner, to prepare tadka, pour some oil in a frying pan and add finely chopped onions, ginger, and garlic.
  • At about 2 minutes, add red pepper powder, garam masala, and dhania.
  • Saute until onions get light brown.
  • Mix the tadka and ghee/butter with saag.

Key ingredients for Makki ki Roti

  • ½ kg makki flour
  • Water
  • Ghee
  • ½ teaspoon salt
  • 1 pinch red chili powder

Step-by-step guide

  • Mix all the ingredients—makki flour, red chili powder, ghee, and salt—nicely.
  • Add lukewarm water in the maize flour and knead softly with hands, to prepare a soft dough.
  • Using an equal portion of dough, build medium-sized balls.
  • To prepare roti, use extra flour to flatten it into a round shape, on a chakla or a plane surface.
  • Put the round-shaped roti on the frying pan, and cook until golden water.
  • Use ghee to soften the roti.

Pav Bhaji

Indian food recipe Pav Bhaji

Evolving from Maharashtra, Pav Bhaji has become one of the most popular vegetarian recipes of India, as it requires minimal time and efforts to cook and taste the best, which all food lovers readily relate their choice with. This delicious recipe is full of spices and veggies, which make it full of nutrients and popular regardless of age and gender. All it takes, in extra, for completing a mouth full serve is pav (bun bread) and mint chutney.

Pav Bhaji Time: 40 minutes | Calories: 600 per plate with 2 pav

Key ingredients needed for Pav Bhaji


  • 4 mashed, boiled potato
  • 2 chopped onion
  • 1/2 chopped cauliflower
  • 1 cup shelled peas
  • 1/4 cup green beans
  • Chopped carrot
  • 4 chopped tomato
  • 1 de-seeded capsicum
  • Coriander leaves (for garnishing)

Other Essentials:

  • 3 tablespoon refined oil
  • salt as per taste
  • 30 gm melted butter
  • 1 medium lemon wedges
  • 8 pavs


  • 2 teaspoon garlic paste
  • 1/2 tablespoon ginger paste
  • 2 chopped green chili
  • 2 teaspoon pav bhaji masala

Step-by-step Guide

  • Boil the veggies—carrots, beans, cauliflower, and peas—in a pressure cooker. Drain the water and mash coarsely.
  • Fry three-fourths of onions in a pan, using oil and saute until it gains a golden glimpse. Further, pour ginger-garlic and green chilies paste and fry for a minute.
  • Sprinkle pav bhaji masala, capsicum, and then, fry for an additional minute.
  • Add finely chopped tomatoes and salt. Turn the stove knob to medium and keep stirring until oil separates from the masala.
  • Add mashed potatoes, cauliflower, mashed peas, and 2 cups of water. Simmer it for about 10 minutes. Keep pressing it with the back of the spoon, to mash the mixture properly.
  • Garnish bhaji with remaining onions, lemon wedges, butter, and coriander leaves.
  • Crisping pav: Slice each pav horizontally into two. Put about 15 grams of butter in a pan. Fry pavs to make it crispy.

Chicken Biryani

Indian food recipe Chicken Biryani
Chicken Biryani (Credit: Shehal at English Wikipedia)

Chicken biryani, a pairing of chicken and rice, has permeated the culinary Indian culture, to stretch its aroma around the world. It’s a mouth-watering savory dish packed with spicy marinated chicken, flavored saffron rice, and caramelized onions.

It’s an intensely aromatic and well-seasoned dish, incorporating veggies, rice, and chicken in such perfect balance that provokes the taste buds of any food lover to extremities. It’s easy to cook, consumes less cooking time than expected, and serves high calorie.

Time to cook: 1 hr | Calorie: 520 per 365 grams

Key ingredients needed for chicken biryani:

Prime Essentials:

  • 650 grams rice
  • 1 Kg meat


  • 1 Tbsp red chili paste
  • ½ Tbsp green chili paste
  • 1 Tbsp ginger garlic paste
  • ½ Tbsp cardamom powder
  • 1 Tbsp cumin seeds
  • 3-4 pieces cinnamon
  • 4 Cloves

Other essentials:

  • ½ cup oil
  • 1 tablespoon salt
  • 250 grams curd
  • 4 Tbsp butter
  • 2 Tbsp lemon juice
  • ½ cup water
  • 1 Tbsp saffron

Garnishing ingredients

  • Finely sliced cucumbers
  • Sliced carrots
  • 2 boiled eggs
  • Mint leaves

Step-by-step guide

  • How to marinate the chicken? Put vegetable oil, chili peppers, mint, cinnamon, salt, garlic paste, garam masala, ginger, and chicken pieces in a big bowl and stir till all mix well. Use your hand to coat the chicken thoroughly in the marinade, and leave it untouched for an hour.
  • How to caramelize onions? Use ghee or vegetable oil to caramelize onions. Put the flame on low and stir it for 10-15 minutes. Once it gets a brownish appearance, transfer the onions to a separate bowl and allow cooling.
  • Soak the rice in lukewarm water and then, wash it in cold water until the water runs clear.
  • Put water, cardamom, cumin, bay leaf, and rice in a separate bowl, and par-boil them for 7 minutes. Drain the rest of the water from the rice, keeping reserve about 1 cup.
  • In a separate bowl, put the chicken in a single layer and use some oil or ghee to fry each side for about 5 minutes. Once both sides gain a golden brown color, transfer the chicken to the bowl you used for marination.
  • Add saffron to the rice and mix it evenly. Put half of the rice in the bowl used for frying chicken. Place all the chicken onto the rice, forming an even layer. Pour three-fourths of the rice on top of the chicken and then, put caramelized onions on the very top. Top onions with the remaining rice, forming an even layer all around.
  • Pour the reserved liquid obtained from boiling the rice. Seal pack the pot with the lead using dough created from wheat flour and put the pot on the stove over medium flame for about half an hour.
  • Once you watch steam leaking from cracks developed in between the lid and dough layering, turn the stove knob to low and allow cooking for an additional five minutes. Check the sound of water simmering in the pot. If you hear it dimming down, or all gone, turn off the flame.
  • Let it cool for some time and then, garnish it using cucumber, carrot, eggs, and mints.

Idli Sambar

Indian food Idli Sambar
Idli Sambar

Idli and sambar complete each other. Sambar is basically a hot and spicy lentil soup that covers most of the masalas/spices that southern region is loaded with.

Although Idli Sambar, for its tasteful diet, has gained a significant name in the northern part, the taste that homemade masalas create in southern India, beats all practices no matter how hard north Indians try.

Unlike all Indian foods which rely largely on frying in oil, Idli and Sambar are mostly boiled and include a lot of veggies which combine together to surge full the taste and nutrition.

Cooking Time: 1 hr | Calorie: 310 per 1 cup sambar and 3 idli

Key ingredients needed for Idli

  • 2 cup Rice
  • ½ cup Urad Dal (Black Gram)
  • ½ Tbsp Fenugreek Seeds
  • Water as required, or 2-3 cup
  • Salt as per taste

Step-by-step guide

  • Soak rice in water for 5 hours
  • In a separate bowl, soak black gram and fenugreek seeds in water for 5 hours.
  • Create a paste by grinding black gram and fenugreek seeds, using some fresh water.
  • Create rice paste using the above process.
  • Mix both the paste and add a little rock salt to it.
  • Expose the idli batter to the sun, for good fermentation.
  • Next day, using cotton, apply a layering of oil on the idli stand and then, lay idli batter on it.
  • In an idli cooker, use steam to cook idli batter.
  • Use a wooden stick to check whether idli has swelled or not.
  • Drizzle a little water over it and capsize the idli stand, to take out idli.

Key ingredients required for Sambar

Prime essentials:

  • 4 medium-sized Tomatoes
  • Coconut
  • 250g onions
  • 100g black gram (roasted)


  • 2 Tbsp Fennel
  • 3 Cloves
  • 3 Cinnamon
  • 2 Tbsp Coriander leaves
  • 2 Tbsp Turmeric Powder
  • 1 Tbsp Red chili powder
  • 1 Tbsp sambar powder
  • ½ Tbsp mustard seeds

Other essentials

  • 2 Tbsp curry leaves
  • 1 Tbsp salt
  • 3-4 Tbsp Oil (Groundnut)
  • Water as required (2-3 cup)

Step-by-step guide

  • Pour finely chopped onions and tomatoes in a pan and over a medium flame, use some oil to saute it well.
  • Allow it to cool and then grind the mixture of both, to make a paste.
  • In another pan, without using oil, roast spices like cloves, cinnamon, and fennel.
  • Once the spices roast well, take a grinder and put all the spices, along with coconut and roasted black gram, and grind them all, to make a paste.
  • Place a pan on flame and using oil, saute mustard seeds, curry leaves, and onion and tomato paste.
  • Further, mix turmeric powder, sambar powder, salt, and red chilly powder in it, and saute again for 2 minutes.
  • Add the paste prepared in 4th step and then, saute again.
  • Pour water and boil for 5 minutes, to create a masala-rich gravy.
  • Garnish with coriander leaves.

Butter Chicken

Indian cuisine Butter chicken
Butter chicken (credit: stu_spivack )

Believe it or not, but this Punjabi dish has spread all around India, gaining a prominent place in most Indian kitchens. Also called Murgh Makhani, it first originated in the early 20th century, to soften the leftover tandoori chicken with tomatoes, butter, and cream. In India, still bone-in chicken is in wide trend because of the flavor preference; in abroad, boneless chicken is commonly used. It’s a very easy recipe to cook as it doesn’t require more efforts and cook within 30 minutes.

Cooking time: 30 minutes | Calorie: 400 per 5 ounce

Key Ingredients needed for butter chicken

Prime Essentials

  • 1 pound boneless, or with bone, chicken thighs
  • 600 grams stewed tomatoes
  • Salt as per taste
  • 2 sliced onions (medium size)


  • 4 grated garlic cloves
  • 1 Tbsp grated ginger
  • 1 cinnamon stick
  • 1 whole clove
  • 2 Tbsp fenugreek seeds
  • 1 Tbsp garam masala
  • ½ Tbsp turmeric powder
  • 5 green cardamom pods
  • 1 Tbsp paprika
  • 2 hot variety chiles

Other essentials

  • ½ cup yogurt
  • ½ cup butter
  • ½ cup heavy cream

Step-by-step guide

  • Mix almonds, yogurt, garlic, lemon juice, and spices in a bowl, and stir till all the ingredients fuse well.
  • Add chicken to it and use your hand to coat the chicken all around with the gravy prepared in the previous step. Marinate for an hour or two or overnight.
  • Take a thick-layered pot and heat vegetable oil or ghee over medium flame. Put onion into the pot and cook for about 5-7 minutes until onion turns soft and translucent.
  • Further, add garlic and ginger to it and cook for one more minute.
  • Pour the marinated chicken and marinade into the pot. Simmer the chicken until it gets a white appearance.
  • Add tomato puree and black cardamom pod. Turn the knob to medium and cover the pot with a lid and simmer the chicken for an additional 25 minutes, with regular stirring.
  • Add butter and cream and keep stirring until both dissolves entirely.
  • Add salt as per your taste and garnish with some extra cream and chopped cilantro.

The tremendous power of Indian cuisine: Overview of constitution & Health Aspect

The very first thought that conjures you up about Indian food it is hot, spicy, unhealthy, fatty, greasy, and gas-causing features.

Is it so? No.

fresh vegetables in Indian cuisine
Fresh vegetables, an essential part of the Indian cuisine

Myth busted! Set free the perspective that’s biased and globally accepted. From now, the thing that should emerge in your mind is that Indian foods are nourishing, wholesome, healthy, and full of spices, which have plenty of health benefits and healing powers.

No, don’t listen to those crackpots who have framed such false and fabricated theories about what this vast peninsula offers.

Had they been true, Indians would have extinct. But, are they? They’re over a billion and second most populous land after China.

The famous Indian dish: thali
The famous Indian dish: thali

The health aspect is such a trait that goes unnoticed by all and so, it’s important to be aware of what actually Indian foods offer.

An array of fresh vegetables and fruits fuse in together to form a variety of dish.

These ingredients are cooked using traditional practices that help to retain their freshness and nutrients, unlike those processes—followed in developed countries—that pull the life out of vegetables. Indians are close to nature and so does the organic method of farming reflect in their cuisine.

  • Indians don’t rely on preservatives. They always use fresh ingredients and prepare food from scratch. Unlike the trend of packaged foods that has engulfed almost all developed countries, Indians stick to the leeward side where there is still hope for consuming foods that come directly out of the soil. Majority of the population is farmers, so less comes the situation when they opt for packaged foods.
  • Indians take a balanced diet as they still practice a ‘thali’ system in which a variety of dishes are prepared for lunch and dinner time. In a single thali serve, they get all the major nutrients, such as carbohydrates, proteins, fats, and fibers. The spices used in foods are laced with medicinal powers. The royal families used to have Chappan Bhog (fifty-six dishes) at one time, which is still in fashion in upper classes.

Best Indian vegan dishes

Do you also support the vegan movement and prefer to switch to food prepared without the aid of animal products? India, the country with the core of diversity,  is a storehouse of innumerable vegan Indian dishes prepared without the use of animal products. We bring you some of the popular vegan dishes that add equal nutrition and give astonishing savor to your tongue in comparison to the non-vegan dishes. Have a brief insight into some of the popular vegan Indian dishes:

Rajma- chawal

Super healthy Indian vegan food
Rajma is one of the most popular Indian vegan dishes made from red Kidney beans. Eaten with bread/chapati or cooked rice, it is a mouth-watering dish loved by folks of all ages. The cooking time is usually 45 minutes, but you need to soak the rajma for a few hours before boiling it for around 20 minutes. After successfully boiling, add the red kidney beans in a gravy of onion, tomato and popular Indian spices like turmeric, dry coriander, salt, red chilli, heeng, etc. It is a highly nutritious dish rich in dietary fibers and protein, with zero cholesterol.

Baingan ka Bharta

baingan ka bharta
baingan ka bharta, tasty
Baingan Bharta is a grilled eggplant curry requiring preparation time of 30 minutes. This simple dish is prepared in a bit spice tang and served with Indian fried wheat flour or parantha. The eggplants may be grilled in microwaves, on gas stoves directly, or in Indian traditional tandoors. The grilled mash of the eggplant is then mixed in the gravy of onion, tomato, and other hot typical Indian spices. Garam masala is the special spice added in Bharta in last, along with a few chopped leaves of coriander for garnishing. This tempting spicy dish is rich in fats and carbohydrates and gives almost 83% calories to your soma.    

Vegetable Pakora

vegetable pakora
vegetable pakora, one of the best Indian food dishes
The list of Indian vegan snacks is incomplete without Pakoras. They are elementarily the Indian squander prepared from the chickpea flour and vegetables like cabbage, potato, onion, bell peppers, etc. All you need is to make a paste of besan added with salt, coriander powder, and red chili powder as per taste. Deep fry the dipped sliced vegetables into oil till it gets a little brown.  Serve them hot with coriander, tomato, or mint chutney. These are popular breakfast and evening snacks of Indians.

Aloo Kachauri and Sabji

Aloo Kachauri and Sabji Bedmi or kachauri is a deep-fried Indian bread stuffed with urad dal or mashed boiled potato. This fat-and-carbohydrate rich bread is served with potato and tomato curry, that complements each other exceptionally well. This is one of the popular foods offered to guests in north India and is a popular cuisine cooked during festivals.


Dhokla It is a dish from the land of Gujarat. Dhokla is a besan or chickpea flour-based snack having a preparation time of 30 minutes. All you need is to make the batter of besan and add a bit of baking powder and salt in it. Leave it for 5-10 minutes and then pour the batter either in a dhokla-making steaming utensil or a microwave. Let it steam for 10-15 minutes, at a low gas flame.  Post dhokla, pour the tadaka of mustard seeds, curry leaves, and some green chili in sugar added water and sprinkle it all over the dish. Serve it with tamarind or green coriander chutney.

India Street food

A foreigner’s visit to India does not complete until he/she tries his/her hand on street foods of India, spread across cities of all sizes and order. If anything that addresses a distinct flavor, appearance, and perspective about the making of Indian cuisine is its fast food served in the open streets. It doesn’t matter how health conscious one is—without doubt, he/she would yield before the finger-licking, mouth-watering, and taste bud-lingering effect of the following street foods, asking for once more, one more.

Pani Puri

Literally, Pani means water, and puris are fried hollow dough balls. Pani puri is popular all across India and there is not a single state (province) where you won’t locate ‘thelawalas’ (roadside stalls), with puris stored inside a glass-closed structure.

Indian street food Pani Puri
Pani Puri, you won’t believe how many you can eat

It has all three tastes—teekha (spicy), khatta (sour), and meetha (sweet)—assembled in it. Crisp fried dough balls stuffed with potato, sprouts, sweet chutney, and/or spicy tangy water make pani puri such a delicious street food that would turn you into a fan of it from the very first attempt.

Chhole Bhature

Chole Bhature is an exotic Punjabi dish, which has found its place in houses, restaurants, and street vendors. It’s often eaten as breakfast and gets a complete package appearance when accompanied by onions, green chutney, radish, carrot pickle, achar, lemon, and cucumber.

Indian cuisine Chhole Bhature
Chhole Bhature served with Boondhi Raita on a roadside stall (credit: SpeedWeed )

Chole Bhature is a combination of chickpeas, cooked in spicy masala; and bhatura—a fluffy, round maida flour bread (soft wheat) deep fried in refined oil. The crispy layering of Bhature, dipped in spice-packed chole, yields a completely unique flavor.

Masala Dosa

With its origin in Udupi, Karnataka, the love for masala dosa is seen all over the country, mainly in the southern region. Masala dosa is a popular variety of dosa.

Most people prefer to eat it as it’s low in calorie and extremely appetizing. For its light effect on the stomach, people love to have it in breakfast, lunch, and even dinner. It’s a fermented crepe stuffed with potatoes, fried onions, and spices.

Indian cuisine Masala Dosa
Masala Dosa, crispy and tasty

Masala dosa is made using rice, potato, onions, tomato (optional), lentils, curry leaves, and methi. To enhance its effect on the tongue, it’s served with sambar and chutney made of coconut.


Samosa is an all-time favorite tea time snack in India. Found in various shapes like a triangular, cone, and half-moon, this is basically a deep-fried pocket of wheat, or maida, dough stuffed with potato, spices, peas, onions, and lentils.

Indian street food Samosa
Samosa, you will get addicted…

It’s often accompanied by tomato sauce and/or green chutney, to elevate its flavor. Spreading across the Indian border, it has become widely known in Africa, China, Southeast Asia, and the Mediterranean. It fits best for all sorts of people, in terms of spice bearing capacity. It’s such a dish that’s too common in the streets and common Indian kitchens.


Chaat has many varieties—the main among them are papdi chaat, bhelpuri, aloo, samosa chaat, tikki chaat, cheela, and ragda pattice.

Out of many of its kind, Papdi, samosa, and Tikki chaat are found everywhere. It originated in Uttar Pradesh, India; however, the uncontrolled taste that this savory snack delivers, couldn’t stop from spreading to Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh.

Indian culture food Dahi Bhalla Chaat
Dahi Bhalla Chaat (credit: Nitin Badhwar)

The main ingredients are boiled potato, and/or Chhole, curd, onion, Aloo Bhujia, mint chutney, chili, Papdi, and tamarind sauce, which collectively spice up to make this dish so addictive that you would like to have it on a weekly basis.

29 Of the Indian States and Its typical dishes

Andhra Pradesh

Staple Food: Rice and Sambar

Top Dishes: Andhra Chicken Biryani, Pulihora, Chepa Pulusu, Curd Rice, Medu Vada, Uppindi

Indian food culture Pulihora
Typical South Indian dish. (Credit: JVRKPRASAD)

Famous Sweets & Desserts: Qubani ka meetha, Kajjikayalu, Ariselu, Pootharekulu Kunda

Arunachal Pradesh

Staple Food: Rice along with fish

Top Dishes: Daal and eggs, Panchforan Tarkari, Bamboo Shoot, Lukter

Indian food culture Bamboo shot
Bamboo shoot (credit: Hosaki-Menma)

Famous Sweet & Desserts: Khapse (Zhero), Momo


Top Dishes: Bai, Koat Pitha, Mizo vawksa, Chhum Han, Bamboo shoot fry

Famous Sweet: Koat Pitha, Chaangban Leh Kurtai


Top Dishes: Dried Pork, Boiled Vegetables, Bamboo steamed fish, Crab chili sauce

Famous Sweet: Koat Pitha, Nap Naang


Top Dishes: Phagshapa, Sael Roti, Kinema, Gundruk and Sinki, Niguru with Churpi

Famous Sweet: Sael Roti

West Bengal

Top Dishes: Tangra macher jhol, Luchi, Mochar Ghonto, Potol’er dolma, Bhetki machh’er paturi

Famous Sweet: Sandesh, Aam pora Shorbot,


Top Dishes: Khaar, Duck meat curry, Massor Tenga, Paro Manxho, Omita Khar, Dhekia xaak

Famous Sweet: Narikol’ or Ladoo


Top Dishes: Litti Chokha, Mutton Kebabs, Kadhi badi, Daal puri, Paratha, Saag, Khichdi

Famous Sweet: Naivedyam, Pedakiya, Chana ghugni, Laai


Top Dishes: Pittha, Rugra, Dhuska, Chilka Roti, Kanda ki Sabzi, Mahua Masala, Bamboo shoots

Famous Sweet:Malpua, Til Barfi, Mitha khaja, Thekua

Uttar Pradesh

Top Dishes: Mutton Kofta, Kakori Kebab, Aloo Rasedaar, Dum Aloo, Baigan Kaloojee, Dahiwale Aloo, Daal Kachori

Famous Sweet: Pedha, Petha, Malpua, Rasmalai, Sheer Khurma


Top Dishes: Phaanu, Kafuli, Kandalee ka saag, Dubuk Dubke, Chudkaani, Baadi, Garhwal ka Fannah

Famous Sweet: Jhangora ki Kheer, Gulgula, Arsa, Singori


Top Dishes: Sarson ka Saag aur makki ki roti, Tandoori Chicken, Machchli Amritsari, Butter Chicken, Rajma Chawal

Famous Sweet: Shakkar para, Karma Prashad, Pinni


Top Dishes: Besan masala roti, Hara dhania cholia, Dahi vada, Bajra Khichdi, Kadhi pakora,

Famous Sweet: Malpua, Alsi ki pinni, Kheer

Jammu & Kashmir

Top Dishes: Dum Aloo, Kashmiri Pulao, Rogan Josh, Matschgand, Lyodur Tschaman

Famous Sweet: Shufta

Himachal Pradesh

Top Dishes: Madra, Dhaam, Tudkiya Bhath, Chha gosht, Siddu, Kullu Trout Fish, Babru

Famous Sweets: Babroo


Top Dishes: Misal Pav, Pithla Bhakri, Vada pav, Puran Poli, Val usal, Chicken Kolhapuri, Upasachi Kachori, Kande pohe

Famous Sweet: Shrikhand, Modak, Shankarpali


Top Dishes: Idiyappam with Curry, Pattu and Kadala Curry, Ela Sadya, Idli Samber, Nadan Kozhi Varuthathu, Sadhya, Malabar Biryani

Famous Sweet: Payasam


Top Dishes: Goan Prawn Curry, Rava Fried Fish, Goan Squid Fry, Pork Vindaloo, Fonna Kadi, Mussel Rawa Fry, Shark Ambot Tik

Famous Sweet: Bebinca, Goan Nevri, Bolinhas, Kulkul

Tamil Nadu

Top Dishes: Idli, Sambar, Dosa, Uttapam, Banana Bonda, Prawns Kuzhambu, Urlai Roast, Chicken Chettinad, Coconut Chutney

Famous Sweet: Arisi Thengai Payasam, Pongal


Top Dishes: Neer Dosa, Mysore Masala Dosa, Coorg Pandi Curry, Bisi Bele Bath, Mangalorean Biryani, Sagu, Chow Chow Bhath

Famous Sweet: Mysore Pak, Haalbai, Rava Kesari, Pori Urundai, Chiroti

Madhya Pradesh

Top Dishes: Poha, Daal Bafla, Bhopali Gosht, Korma, Chakki ki Shak, Biryani Pilaf, Bhutte Ka Kees, Papad ki Sabzi

Famous Sweet: Malpua, Kesari Jalebi, Mawa Bati


Top Dishes: Dal Bati Churma, Mohan Maas, Gatte ki Khichdi, Boondi Raita, Methi Bajra Poori, Pyaaz Kachori, Laal Maas, Kadhi

Famous Sweet: Dil Khushal, Churma Ladoo, Badam ka halwa, Mawa Kachori, Gujia, Ghevar, Kalakand


Top Dishes: Khandvi, Undhiyu, Gujarati Kadhi, Dhokla, Handvo, Patra, Thepla, Muthiya

Famous Sweet: Shrikhand, Mohanthal, Adadiya, Monthar, Maisub, Shiro, Doodhpak


Top Dishes: Chungdi Malai, Macha Ghanta, Kanika, Santula, Water Rice-Phakhala Bhata, Aloo Dum Dhaibara, Mutton Mudhi, Dhenkanal Bara

Famous Sweet: Rasabadi, Chhena Poda, Rasgulla, Chenna Jhillipi


Top Dishes: Sarva Pindi, Pachi Pulusu, Golichina Mmsam, Hyderabadi Biryani, Polelu, Sakinalu, Gongura Chutney

Famous Sweet: Malidalu, Garijalu, Qubani ka Meetha, Kobbari Pappu Payasam, Garijalu


Top Dishes: Aamat, Chila, Bhajia, Sabudana ki Khichdi, Bara Faraa, Bafauri, Kadhi Pakoda, Kusli

Famous Sweet: Tilgur, Khurma, Moong Dal Halwa, Lavang Lata


Top Dishes: Chamthong, Eromba, Paaknam, Alu Kngmet, Kangshoi, Nga-Thongba

Famous Sweet: Chakhao Kheer


Top Dishes:  Mui Parok, Kasoi Bwtwi, Gudok, Mosdeng, Serma, Bhangui, Wahai Mosdeng

Famous Sweet: Awan Bangwi


Top Dishes: Nakham Bitchi, Doh-Neiiong, Pudoh, Sakin Gata, Dohkhlieh, Jadoh, Zunka Bhakar, Pumaloi, Momo

Famous Sweet: Pukhlein

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